Suku Bugis adalah suku yang tergolong ke dalam suku suku Deutero-Melayu, atau Melayu muda. Masuk ke Nusantara setelah gelombang migrasi pertama dari daratan Asia
tepatnya Yunan. Kata 'Bugis' berasal dari kata To Ugi, yang berarti
orang Bugis. Penamaan "ugi" merujuk pada raja pertama kerajaan Cina
(bukan negara Tiongkok, tapi yang terdapat di jazirah Sulawesi Selatan
tepatnya Kecamatan PammanaKabupaten Wajo saat ini) yaitu La Sattumpugi.
Ketika rakyat La Sattumpugi menamakan dirinya, maka mereka merujuk pada
raja mereka. Mereka menjuluki dirinya sebagai To Ugi atau
orang-orang/pengikut dari La Sattumpugi. La Sattumpugi adalah ayah dari
We Cudai dan bersaudara dengan Batara Lattu, ayahanda dari Sawerigading.
Sawerigading sendiri adalah suami dari We Cudai dan melahirkan beberapa
anak termasuk La Galigo yang membuat karya sastra terbesar didunia
dengan jumlah kurang lebih 9000 halaman folio. Sawerigading Opunna Ware
(Yang dipertuan di ware) adalah kisah yang tertuang dalam karya sastra I La Galigo dalam tradisi masyarakat Bugis. Kisah Sawerigading juga dikenal dalam tradisi masyarakat Luwuk Banggai, Kaili, Gorontalo dan beberapa tradisi lain di Sulawesi seperti Buton.
masyarakat Bugis tersebar di dataran rendah yang subur dan pesisir,
maka kebanyakan dari masyarakat Bugis hidup sebagai petani dan nelayan.
Mata pencaharian lain yang diminati orang Bugis adalah pedagang. Selain
itu masyarakat Bugis juga mengisi birokrasi pemerintahan dan menekuni bidang pendidikan.
Hubungan Aspek Sejarah dengan Perantauan
Konflik antara kerajaan Bugis dan Makassar serta konflik sesama kerajaan Bugis pada abad 16, 17, 18 dan 19, menyebabkan tidak tenangnya daerah Sulawesi Selatan.
Hal ini menyebabkan banyaknya orang Bugis bermigrasi terutama di daerah
pesisir. Komunitas Bugis hampir selalu dapat ditemui didaerah pesisir
di nusantara bahkan sampai ke Malaysia, Filipina, Brunei dan Thailand.
Budaya perantau yang dimiliki orang Bugis didorong oleh keinginan akan
kemerdekaan. Kebahagiaan dalam tradisi Bugis hanya dapat diraih melalui
Kepiawaian suku Bugis-Makasar dalam mengarungi samudra cukup dikenal luas, dan wilayah perantauan mereka pun hingga Australia, Madagaskar dan Afrika Selatan. Bahkan, di pinggiran kota Cape Town, Afrika Selatan terdapat sebuah suburb atau setingkat Kecamatan, yang bernama Maccassar, sebagai tanda tangan penduduk setempat mengingat tanah asal nenek moyang mereka
Pada abad ke-17 datanglah seorang pemimpin suku Bugis menghadap Raja Banjar yang berkedudukan di Kayu Tangi (Martapura) untuk diijinkan mendirikan pemukiman di Pagatan,
Tanah Bumbu. Raja Banjar memberikan gelar Kapitan Laut Pulo kepadanya
yang kemudian menjadi raja Pagatan. Upacara adat suku Bugis di daerah
ini antara lain :
Mappanretasi (memberi makan laut) di Desa Pagatan, kecamatan Kusan Hilir, Tanah Bumbu
Bahasa Bugis adalah bahasa yang digunakan etnik Bugis di Sulawesi Selatan,
yang tersebar di kabupaten sebahagian Kabupaten Maros, sebahagian
Kabupaten Pangkep, Kabupaten Barru, Kota Pare-pare, Kabupaten Pinrang,
sebahagian kabupaten Enrekang, sebahagian kabupaten Majene, Kabupaten
Luwu, Kabupaten Sidenrengrappang, Kabupaten Soppeng,Kabupaten Wajo,
Kabupaten Bone, Kabupaten Sinjai, Kabupaten Bulukumba, dan Kabupaten
Bantaeng. Masyarakat Bugis memiliki penulisan tradisional memakai
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